One of the most important aspects of Tae Kwon Do training patterns. Patterns, sometimes called poom-se or forms, are a series of offensive and defensive movements arranged in a predetermined pattern and practiced by the student against imaginary opponents. There are many requirements for advancing in rank in Tae Kwon Do, but how well a student performs their patterns may determine if they will pass or fail.
Patterns stress the development of correct basics. Each block, strike, and stance must be without flaw. If correct execution of a technique in a pattern is overlooked, then the student will be off balance, thus greatly reducing the amount of power he can generate. The technique would be, to a great extent, ineffective due to lack of power and focus. Since advanced combinations consist of basic (ki bon pronounced “kee bon”) movements, the practitioner must have solid basics.
Basic patterns consist of a few blocks and strikes combined with little in the way of footwork. This early integration of basic techniques helps the student develop rhythm, power, and control. As the student progresses through the ranks, the patterns become increasingly complex. Footwork and body movement intensify until movement becomes more natural and the student’s techniques become fluid. It is the coordinated effort of the mind and body, internal and external powers, and reaching for perfection which make patterns an integral part of Tae Kwon Do.
On the right hand side Pattern List, you will find the first eight patterns that lead up to the Black Belt grade. Click on a pattern on the sub-menu to load a video of this pattern.